Addressing grievances and giving everyone a voice are key to peacebuilding
Elizabeth Hume, Technical Director for Peacebuilding and Conflict Mitigation, FHI 360
Anne O'Toole Salinas, Program Director for Peacebuilding and Conflict Mitigation, FHI 360
How does conflict affect a country’s long-term development?
Violent conflict sets a country’s development back decades, especially when it is protracted as it was in Sri Lanka and as it is currently in the Casamance region of Senegal. Even countries that create peace agreements but do not address the grievances or the sources of conflict are more likely to experience conflict again within 10 years. It is critical to work on mitigating and managing conflict in countries. Otherwise, we are simply pouring hundreds of millions of development dollars into a country and seeing those gains wiped out by violent conflict. That is why working on conflict is so critical.
How do we deal with conflict?
The first step is understanding the grievances that led to the conflict. Grievances can arise in a number of areas and can be found across many sectors. Because we are a global organization that works across sectors — such as health, education, economic development and the environment — we are able to address specific grievances in these different sectors.